PETSCII Chart as displayed on the C64 in shifted and unshifted modes. The mode is toggled by holding 1z0 147 dumps pdf of the SHIFT keys and then pressing and releasing the Commodore key. The shift between modes is done by POKEing location 59468 with the value 14 to select the alternative set or 12 to revert to standard.

Unicode representation, they cannot be portably displayed in a web browser. Note that the table below is for the Commodore 64. Other Commodore machines used slightly different versions of PETSCII, which used different control characters and in some cases different graphic characters. The actual character generator ROM used a different set of assignments.

ABC” on screen by directly writing into the screen memory, one would POKE the decimal values 0, 1, 2, and 3 rather than 64, 65, 66, and 67. Archived 9 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FILE – VERSION 1. This page was last edited on 9 March 2018, at 04:02.

Was the Korean War necessary and just? Could the war have been avoided? Racism and class stratification in the U. Japan imposed colonial rule over Korea from 1910 to 1945.

With Japan on the verge of defeat in World War II, two young American army officers drew an arbitrary line across Korea at the 38th parallel, creating an American zone in the south and a Soviet zone in the north. Both South and North Korea became repressive regimes. In South Korea, the United States built up a police force and constabulary and backed the authoritarian leader Syngman Rhee, who created a police state. By 1948 partisan warfare had enveloped the whole of South Korea, which in turn became enmeshed in civil war between South and North Korea. In North Korea, the government of Kim II-Sung arrested and imprisoned student and church leaders, and gunned down protesters on November 23, 1945. Christians as well as business and land owners faced with the confiscation of their property began fleeing to the South. Army counter-intelligence corps organized paramilitary commandos to carry out sabotage missions in the North, a factor accounting for the origins of the war.

The Korean War officially began on June 25, 1950, when North Korea conducted a massive invasion of the South. Sixteen nations supplied troops although the vast majority came from the United States and South Korea. The three-year Korean War resulted in the deaths of three to four million Koreans, produced 6-7 million refugees, and destroyed over 8,500 factories, 5,000 schools, 1,000 hospitals and 600,000 homes. Over 36,000 American soldiers died in the war. From air bases in Okinawa and naval aircraft carriers, the U. 18 of 22 major cities and destroying much of the infrastructure in North Korea.

The US bombed irrigation dams, destroying 75 percent of the North’s rice supply, violating civilian protections set forth in the Geneva Conventions of 1949. Yet the massive destruction of North Korea and the enormous death toll in both North and South mark it as one of the most barbarous wars in modern history. Reports of North Korean atrocities and war crimes were well publicized in the United States at the time. The 2005 South Korean Truth and Reconciliation Commission, however, judged that most of the mass killings of civilians were conducted by South Korean military and police forces, with the United States adding more from the air. For all the human suffering caused by the Korean War, very little was solved. The war ended in stalemate with the division of the country at the 38th parallel. The Korean War memorial on the National Wall in Washington features nineteen light-colored steel American combat soldiers, representing different nationalities, heading in formation towards the American flag.

The statues stand in patches of juniper bushes and are separated by polished granite strips symbolizing the rice paddies of Korea. Sinchon in South Hwangae Province, North Korea. Napoleon’s soldiers executing Spanish civilians, Picasso’s painting provides an important commentary not only on the Korean War but also on America’s role in the world. On Memorial Day in 2015, as President Barack Obama Jr. Dole’s contemporaries were seated on stage. American memory, one which came between the glorious victory in World War II and inglorious defeat in Vietnam.

Writing in the Washington Post, Richard L. Halferty sounded very much like George H. Bush, who at a speech commemorating the Korean War memorial in June 1992 heralded the contributions of U. From these examples we can see that if remembered at all, Korea is considered a just war that contributed to the defeat of communist totalitarianism and enabled development of South Korea into a stable and prosperous democracy.