Ancient greek architecture pdf
This is a list of Ancient Greek words with their derivatives in English. Each Ancient Greek word is shown in its citation ancient greek architecture pdf and in its root form.
Ancient Greek architecture is best known from its temples, many of which are found throughout the region, mostly as ruins but many substantially intact. Ancient Greek architecture is distinguished by its highly formalised characteristics, both of structure and decoration. This is particularly so in the case of temples where each building appears to have been conceived as a sculptural entity within the landscape, most often raised on high ground so that the elegance of its proportions and the effects of light on its surfaces might be viewed from all angles. The mainland and islands of Greece are rocky, with deeply indented coastline, and rugged mountain ranges with few substantial forests.
The most freely available building material is stone. Limestone was readily available and easily worked. The climate of Greece is maritime, with both the coldness of winter and the heat of summer tempered by sea breezes. This led to a lifestyle where many activities took place outdoors. Hence temples were placed on hilltops, their exteriors designed as a visual focus of gatherings and processions, while theatres were often an enhancement of a naturally occurring sloping site where people could sit, rather than a containing structure. The light of Greece may be another important factor in the development of the particular character of ancient Greek architecture. The light is often extremely bright, with both the sky and the sea vividly blue.
The clear light and sharp shadows give a precision to the details of landscape, pale rocky outcrops and seashore. This clarity is alternated with periods of haze that varies in colour to the light on it. The Acropolis, Athens, is high above the city on a natural prominence. During the earlier Hellenic period, substantial works of architecture began to appear around 600 BC. Severe Classical, High Classical and Late Classical. The development in the depiction of the human form in pottery was accompanied by a similar development in sculpture.