Your web browser may be malfunctioning. Emotion in the human face pdf internet connection may be unreliable.

For more information about the W3C website, see the Webmaster FAQ. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last updated January 11, 2018. This list is meant to assist, not intimidate.

Use it as a touchstone for important concepts and vocabulary that we will cover during the term. RADICAL INNOCENCE: The Romantics valued innocence as something pure, wholesome, fulfilling, natural, and individualistic. And that its own sweet will is Heaven’s will. A character in continental literature whose purpose is similar to that of a chorus in Greek drama, i.

RASH BOON: A motif in folklore and in Celtic and Arthurian literature in which an individual too hastily promises to fulfill another character’s request without hearing exactly what that request is. For instance, in the first tale in The Mabinogion, “Pwyll, Prince of Dyfed,” Pwyll promises to give Gwawl son of Clud whatever he requests. The German term for a picaresque novel. REALISM: An elastic and ambiguous term with two meanings. First, it refers generally to any artistic or literary portrayal of life in a faithful, accurate manner, unclouded by false ideals, literary conventions, or misplaced aesthetic glorification and beautification of the world. It is a theory or tendency in writing to depict events in human life in a matter-of-fact, straightforward manner.

Secondly and more specifically, realism refers to a literary movement in America, Europe, and England that developed out of naturalism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Note that the earlier literary movement known as naturalism is often used as a precursor and antonym for realism, even though both literary movements share many similarities. It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between naturalism and realism. Some writers are classified as part of both movements. Examining the wide variety of writers called “realists” at one time or another shows how flexible the term is. These writers include such diverse artists as Mark Twain, Flaubert, Balzac, Zola, Guy de Maupassant, Tolstoy, Gogol, Gorki, William Howells, William Burroughs, Thomas Hardy, and Norman Mailer. Dramatists normally considered realists include Henrik Ibsen, George Bernard Shaw, and Strindberg.

REARSTAGE: The section of the stage farthest away from the viewing audience, the back of the visible stage as opposed to “backstage” and out of sight. REBUS: A visual pun in which a written sign stands for a different meaning than its normal one–usually because the two words sound alike. RECEIVED PRONUNCIATION: The accent used by upper class British citizens–usually considered a prestigious or “classy” pronunciation. Linguists refer to this accent by the abbreviation RP. German scholar Hans-Robert Jauss in the late 1960s was the primary advocate. The central concern in this theory is called a “horizon of expectation,” i. RECONSTRUCTION: A hypothetical earlier form of a word that probably existed, but for which no direct evidence is available.

Linguists normally mark reconstructions by placing an asterisk in front of them. This marks them as a hypothetical word. RECTO: See discussion under quarto or examine this chart. REFLEXIVE CONSTRUCTION: A verb combined with a reflexive pronoun functioning as the direct object.

In English, this often creates a redundant phrase, such as “I repent me of my promise. REFRAIN: A line or set of lines at the end of a stanza or section of a longer poem or song–these lines repeat at regular intervals in other stanzas or sections of the same work. Sometimes the repetition involves minor changes in wording. REGIONAL DIALECT: Another term for geographic dialect. REGIONAL LITERATURE: Literature that accurately seeks to portray or is associated with a particular geographic region or people.

Often regional literature is set within a particular area, and the writer or poet tries to capture the customs, dialect, behavior, and historical background of that region. REGISTER DIALECT: A dialectal variation used only for a particular circumstance or for a specific purpose. For instance, the ceremonial language of sermons, weddings, and funerals often uses words like brethren or beloved. These words are rarely used outside of that specialized register. RELATIVE CLAUSE: TBA under “Clause” link. RELIC: The physical remains of a saint or biblical figure, or an object closely associated with a saint, biblical figure, or a miracle.