Garment manufacturing processes practices and technology by prasanta sarkar pdf
The clothes we wear are mostly made of textile fabrics. The textile fabrics are made of from yarns in weaving and knitting process. Fabrics are converted into wearable garments through the garment manufacturing process in the garment factories. At the garment manufacturing processes practices and technology by prasanta sarkar pdf of garment making, functional trims and accessories are attached to the garment at various stages.
This article will show you how the garments are made and its processes from fabric to the finished product. Remember, there are different ways of making garments. The most conventional process of making the readymade garments in mass production is explained here. The whole garment manufacturing process, sub-processes and activities involved in each sub-processes cannot be covered in one single article. To help you out to learn it completely I have given links for your further reading on various terms and processes. You can download the PDF version of this article by clicking on the download link shared at the end of this article. As you are reading this article, I am assuming that you are a learner or a would-be garment entrepreneur or you might be planning to start a business in the garment manufacturing industry.
I ensure you that you will find a helpful guide once you read this post. Though these are the basic knowledge of the garment manufacturing process, you will get the complete overview of the garment manufacturing. I have shown the garment manufacturing workflow and discussed the steps involved in the process of garment making. Some of the above processes are parallel process and can be performed simultaneously. See the Garment manufacturing process flow chart of a typical garment product.
This chart would help you understand the process flow in a better way. As a garment maker, garment factories normally purchase fabric from the various fabric suppliers. Prior to sourcing the fabric, there are some pre-production processes handled by the factory merchandiser. Following steps are involved in the pre-production stage.
To cut the fabric for making any kind of apparel product, you need a template for different body parts. These paper templates are called as a pattern. The first pattern of a design is made at the time of prototype making. The patterns are modified and corrected as the sample development progressed and patterns are graded during size set sample making. The final patterns are approved after the PP sample approval. Now-a-days most of the designers and garment factories use CAD systems for making the patterns. The CAD system has another advantage in maker making, instead of manual marker making marker papers are printed by a plotter.
The markers are efficiently made by CAD system and fabric utilization can be improved. Factories develop garment samples and take approvals on the sample from their buyers. Without sample approval, the factory is not allowed starting the bulk process. Factories need to develop various types of samples at various stages of the sample development. Read about different types of garment samples. Garment manufacturers follow the product tech pack to prepare the garment sample as well as the bulk production. In the sampling stage, factory learns the garment construction details and material required for a given order.
Sampling process helps production team start the bulk production without many issues. A pre-production meeting is conducted at the factory by the merchandising team. In this meeting product design, production schedule and responsibilities, buyer requirement in all aspect of product quality, and production completion deadline are discussed. Little about Fabrics: Textile fabrics are available in three main categories – knitted, woven and non-woven fabrics. Fabrics are manufactured in textile mills, and power looms sectors. Selection of fabric: There are thousands of fabric designs and fabric quality.
Fabric selection is done based on fabric quality required, like fabric color, fibre content, surface texture, hand feel, physical and chemical properties. If the required fabric is already available in the market, factory purchases those fabrics from the stock. For this factory need to explore various places for finding the required fabrics. Fabric development: The garment maker gives the fabric quality requirement to the fabric supplier for developing a new fabric design. At the fabric development stage, the negotiation of fabric price is done with the fabric vendors. Lab dip and desk loom are developed at this stage prior to bulk fabric order.
Garment maker takes approval of bulk fabric by sending a fabric swatch to the buyer. Fabric sourcing: How much fabric is required for each garment? What is the average fabric consumption for bulk production? At this stage, there are few calculations on fabric consumption per garment. Based on the fabric consumption, total fabric requirement is generated for an order and the same is sourced from the pre-approved fabric supplier. The fabrics are in-house in the factory or in a central warehouse of the company.