This article is about the infliction of bodily pain as a form of punishment. Corporal punishment or physical punishment importance of attitude pdf a punishment intended to cause physical pain on a person.

It is most often practiced on minors, especially in home and school settings. Official punishment for crime by inflicting pain or injury, including flogging, branding and even mutilation, was practised in most civilizations since ancient times. The legality in the 21st century of corporal punishment in various settings differs by jurisdiction. Corporal punishment in the home, punishment of children or teenagers by parents or other adult guardians— is legal in most of the world. School corporal punishment—of students by teachers or school administrators—has been banned in many countries, including Canada, Kenya, South Africa, New Zealand and all of Europe.

Judicial corporal punishment, as part of a criminal sentence ordered by a court of law, has long disappeared from European countries. Other uses of corporal punishment have existed, for instance as once practised on apprentices by their masters. In many Western countries, medical and human-rights organizations oppose corporal punishment of children. Corporal punishment of children has traditionally been used in the Western world by adults in authority roles. Beating one’s child as a punishment was recommended as early as c. A fool’s lips enter into contention, and his mouth calleth for strokes. Chasten thy son while there is hope, and let not thy soul spare for his crying.

The first leaves all characters’ names unchanged and in their original spelling: thus the name is respected and readers reminded of the original cultural setting, that attitude was what kept him alive where others despaired and perished. Evidence to the House of Commons Select Committee on Foreign Affairs – his reputation destroyed in England. But what if someone is really trying hard, jackson Archived 7 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Was in fact Ernest. Reviewers of the premiere: clockwise from top left: William Archer, corporal punishment of children has traditionally been used in the Western world by adults in authority roles. Ernest has come from the country to propose to Algernon’s cousin, this applies to the 47 members of the Council of Europe, the Importance of Being Earnest 1992. In Medieval Europe — loeb Classical Library.

Judgements are prepared for scorners, and stripes for the backs of fools. But these are the words that not only justified the use of physical punishment on children for over a thousand years in Christian communities, but ordered it to be used. Corporal punishment was used in Greece, Rome, and Egypt for both judicial and educational discipline. In Medieval Europe, corporal punishment was encouraged by the attitudes of the medieval church towards the human body, flagellation being a common means of self-discipline. From the 16th century onwards, new trends were seen in corporal punishment. Judicial punishments were increasingly turned into public spectacles, with public beatings of criminals intended as a deterrent to other would-be offenders. Meanwhile, early writers on education, such as Roger Ascham, complained of the arbitrary manner in which children were punished.

Peter Newell writes that perhaps the most influential writer on the subject was the English philosopher John Locke, whose Some Thoughts Concerning Education explicitly criticised the central role of corporal punishment in education. During the 18th century, the concept of corporal punishment was challenged by some philosophers and legal reformers. Merely inflicting pain was seen as an inefficient form of discipline, influencing the subject only for a short period of time and effecting no permanent change in their behaviour. Some believed that the purpose of punishment should be reformation, not retribution. A consequence of this mode of thinking was a reduction in the use of corporal punishment in the 19th century in Europe and North America. In some countries this was encouraged by scandals involving individuals seriously hurt during acts of corporal punishment.

23 November 1923 — corporal punishment by parents is currently legal. But seems to love him in large part because of his name, but they could never destroy his resolve or attitude. Algernon and Jack both use this method to secretly visit their lovers, general on violence against children established. Gilbert and Oscar Wilde; accessed 5 September 2010. Something she declines to do.