This page is about the Republic of India. Horizontal tricolor flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. Three lions facing left, right, and toward viewer, atop a frieze containing a galloping horse, a indian law in malayalam pdf-spoke wheel, and an elephant. Underneath is a motto: “सत्यमेव जयते”.

Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted. It is at the center of South Asia. The capital of India is New Delhi. India is a peninsula, bound by the Indian Ocean in the south, the Arabian Sea on the west and Bay of Bengal in the east.

India’s economy became the world’s fastest growing in the G20 developing nations in the last quarter of 2014, replacing the People’s Republic of China. India has the fourth largest number of spoken languages per country in the world, only behind Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and Nigeria. The National emblem of India shows four lions standing back-to-back. The name India comes from the Greek word, Indus, ultimately derived from the word sindhu, which in time turned into Hind or Hindi or Hindu.

The preferred native name or endonym is “Bharat” in Hindi and other Indian languages as contrasted with names from outsiders. The Taj Mahal in Agra was built by Shah Jahan as a memorial to his wife Mumtaz Mahal. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is thought to be of “outstanding universal value”.

Two of the main Classical languages of the world— Sanskrit and Tamil, were born in India. Both of these languages are more than 3000 years old. The country founded a religion called Hinduism, which most Indians still follow. Many dynasties ruled India around the year 1000. Some of these were the Mughal, Vijayanagara, and the Maratha empires. In the 1600s, European countries invaded India, and the British controlled most of India by 1856. In the early 1900s, millions of people peacefully started to protest against British control.