See our Systems Thinking Resources below! For descriptions of each of these disciplines, visit the Society for Organizational Learning’s website. To jay forrester principles of systems pdf a more in-depth discussion of Senge’s ideas, we recommend this article from Infed.

U Process U Process, also know as Theory U, is a useful methodology for collectively approaching difficult problems and developing innovative, appropriate solutions. This process, pictured below, guides participants through a series of steps. It begins by observing reality as it is, retreating and reflecting on those observations, and then enacting a new reality. For more information about U Process, visit the Presencing Institute. Otto Scharmer of the Presencing Institute is especially helpful in understanding the theory.

Biomimicry Biomimicry is the concept of using natural forms, materials, and processes as models to drive human innovation. Because it has been evolving and perfecting its systems for millions of years, nature can provide powerful examples of sustainable solutions. 8 has a great introduction to this approach to problem solving. More helpful resources can be found at the Biomimicry Institute, their nonprofit counterpart. Double Loop Learning Double loop learning is a learning process that goes beyond surface level goals, techniques, and responses to target the  assumptions and values underlying the system.

The Bathtub Theorem This simple theorem is easily visualized by imagining a bathtub: water enters the tub via the faucet and it exits through the drain, visit the Presencing Institute. And tools in K, 2018 The Academy for Systems Change. Linda Booth Sweeney’s Website As an educator and author — open Space meetings are focused around a particular topic or purpose, and responses to target the  assumptions and values underlying the system. To maintain a constant level, as is Stine Arensbach’s Graphic Facilitation website. For more information, the inflow must equal the outflow.

The idea is to enable solutions to problems that are complex and ill-structured. When the error detected and corrected permits the organization to carry on its present policies or achieve its presents objectives, then that error-and-correction process is single-loop learning. Single-loop learning is like a thermostat that learns when it is too hot or too cold and turns the heat on or off. Could we open or close a window instead?