Kamasutra english full book pdf
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If you have any doubts about legality of content or you have another suspicions, feel free to Contact Us. The Arthasastra by Chanakya is a 2500-year-old masterpiece on governance, economics and politics. Here are the pdfs of the book in English, Hindi and Sanskrit. The Chanakya Niti, another book by Chanakya is available here. Be sure to check out the public domain books page for more puranas, epics and other interesting books to download. The Lord Shiva app is a one-stop guide to Lord Shiva. Get chants, stories, temples, wallpapers and more.
The Spiritual Quote of the Day App includes quotes from Mahatma Gandhi, Swami Vivekananda, Gautama Buddha and many more great beings. Authenticity of Arthashastra It has been remarked by some Western scholars that Chanakya is a fabrication and that no such scholar actually existed. However, it is clear that Chanakya actually existed. His tribe or family name was Kutala, and he belonged to the clan of the famous Kutala rishi. Thus, he wa also called Kautilya.
Mentions of the Arthashastra in Other Literature Another reason put forth that Chanakya never existed is that the Puranas or other literature never mention a single word about his authorship or writings. References to his authorship are so many that by themselves it will make a thesis. We shall therefore rest content with merely mentioning the names of the literary works where unmistakable references are made to our celebrated writer on Polity. That Kamandaki attaches a high value to his work on rajaniti identifying him at the same time with the minister of Chandragupta. Kamasutra, asmadguru, identifying thus Vatsyayana with Kautilya.
The Panchatantra, whose date is still a bone of contention, has significant references in more than one place to the work and the policy of Kautilya. The author shows how he follows the principles of diplomacy enunciated by the master-politician. This verse is again instructive in the sense that it refers to Rakshasa, a prominent character of the Mudraraksasa. Professor Tawney’s view that the Mudraraksasa is anterior to the Panchatantra seems to be the correct hypothesis. The Jatakamala of Aryasura, probably 4th century A.
The Lankavatarasutra probably 4th century A. On this, Johnston, according to whom the lower limit of the Arthashastra is not later than A. Evidently therefore at the end of the fifth century A. Dandi regards Kautilya as the veritable master of the science of politics. Bana, the reputed author of the Harshacharita and of the more celebrated romance Kadambari, refers to Kautilya’s work though he adversely criticises it.
But what is to our point here is an authentic reference to his writings. Somadevasuri in his Nitivakyamrta quotes often the very words of Kautilya and makes an explicit reference to the incidents connected with the Chanakya story. He notes especially Kautilya’s unquestioned help to Chandragupta, in establishing and governing the Mauryan kingdom, as well as the fall of the Nanda empire. There is again a reference to his work in the Jain Nandi Sutra, though the Jain canonical writer treats his work as one among the false sciences. Narayana Pandita refers to it in his commentary on Arunachala’s gloss on the Kumarasambhava of Kalidasa. Manavadharmasastra makes a reference in his gloss on VII, 43, to Kautilya as the desirable type of teachers. In his commentary on the sixty-four katas of Vatsyayana’s Kamasutra, Yasodhara attributes the device of one variety to Kautilya.
Kalidasa’s Raghuvamsa quotes the Kautilya in commenting on the verse 12 of Canto III. Kautilya besides passages identical in substance. Brihaspati, Sukra, and Chanakya, as authorities on Political Science. Yet another argument is that the contents of the work itself deal with not only politics but a great many subjects under administration which require a knowledge of the specialists in architecture, in agriculture, in mining, in military organisation, etc. It is impossible that one man should have been a specialist in all the branches of knowledge. They became sages and seers because of their knowledge in all branches of arts and sciences. The specialisation of education is a modern cry and the evils of such specialisation are patent enough.
It makes the specialist devote all his time in his own subject oftentimes to the utter neglect of the other subjects. Specialisation may make one learned but not cultured. For instance, Bhisma can speak with authority on any question submitted to him, whatever branch of science it might refer to Vasistha the Purohita could assert with first-hand knowledge his opinion on any subject. Indeed the Purohita was Purohita because he was thoroughly versed in all branches of knowledge. Thus it was common in ancient India that he was deemed a sista or a cultured person who had at his finger’s end knowledge of all branches. There is nothing wonderful about this fact. Again the authors of law-books, epics and the Puranas must have been specialists in all branches of knowledge, for, they had to handle directly or indirectly all different arts and sciences.
This simply means that the political horizon of the Kautailyan world was narrow and limited to a state of medium size — bhisma can speak with authority on any question submitted to him, and are free. The Spiritual Quote of the Day App includes quotes from Mahatma Gandhi, refers to Kautilya’s work though he adversely criticises it. The Jatakamala of Aryasura, there is nothing wonderful about this fact. About things to be done by the man, when he wanted to form the culture complex called Sanskriti.