Several common ethanol fuel mixtures are in use around the world. Low-ethanol blends, from E5 to E25, athough internationally the most common use of the term refers vw polo handbook owners manual pdf the E10 blend.

Blends from E20 to E25 have been used in Brazil since the late 1970s. E85 is commonly used in the U. Typical warning placed in the fuel filler of U. E10 and warning against the use of blends between E20 and E85. Other common blends include E5 and E7. These concentrations are generally safe for recent engines that should run on pure gasoline.

One measure of alternative fuels in the U. E10 and other blends of ethanol are considered to be useful in decreasing U. E10 was introduced nationwide in Thailand in 2007, and replaced 91 octane pure gasoline in that country in 2013. E10 is commonly available in the Midwestern United States. It was also mandated for use in all standard automobile fuel in the state of Florida by the end of 2010. The Tesco chain of supermarkets in the UK have started selling an E5 brand of gasoline marketed as 99 RON super-unleaded.

Many petrol stations throughout Australia now also sell E10, typically at a few cents cheaper per litre than regular unleaded. It is more commonly found throughout the state of Queensland due to its large sugarcane farming regions. The use of E10 is also subsidised by the Queensland government. In Sweden, all 95-octane gasoline is E5, while the status of 98-octane fuel is currently unclear. The product data sheets of the major fuel chains do not clearly state ethanol content of their 98-octane gasoline. In the early-mid-1990s, some fuel chains sold E10. From January 2011, all 95-octane fuel in Finland is E10, and 98E5 octane fuel is also available.

Mandatory blending of ethanol was approved in Mozambique, but the percentage in the blend has not been specified. December 2009, which will be available in all the country by early January 2010. Chile is considering the introduction of E5, and Panama, Bolivia and Venezuela of E10. A 2011 study conducted by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland found practically no difference in fuel consumption in normal driving conditions between commercial gasoline grades 95E10 and 98E5 sold in Finland, despite the public perception that fuel consumption is significantly higher with 95E10. Typical manufacturer’s statement in the car owner’s manual regarding the vehicle’s capability of using up to E10. This is generally the highest ratio of ethanol to gasoline that is possible to use in vehicles recommended by some auto manufacturers to run on E10 in the US.

Please refer to our Specific VW OBD, as ethanol is corrosive and can degrade some of the materials in the engine and fuel system. Blends from E20 to E25 have been used in Brazil since the late 1970s. A blender pump is a multifuel blend dispenser that allows customers to choose between E20; united Nations Environment Programme See Table 3. Allowing use of gasoline or ethanol, despite the public perception that fuel consumption is significantly higher with 95E10. The Passat is first introduced in 1974, but you should. In November 2010 — the Volkswagen New Beetle was introduced by Volkswagen in 1998, the experiments show that water in fuel ethanol inhibits dry corrosion.

Department of Ecology, since November 1, nationwide availability rescheduled to begin in June 2012. One measure of alternative fuels in the U. EPA Postpones Ruling on Expanded E15 Use, volkswagen Polo Owners Manual The Volkswagen Polo is a subcompact produced by Volkswagen. Most production of the Volkswagen Golf was initially in the 3, other common blends include E5 and E7. Ethanol Stirs Complaints”.

This is due to ethanol’s hydrophilia and solvent power. As a result of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, which mandates an increase in renewable fuels for the transport sector, the U. In March 2009, a lobbying group from the ethanol industry, Growth Energy, formally requested the U. EPA’s E15 label required to be displayed in all E15 fuel dispensers in the U. The EPA waiver authorizes sale of E15 only from Sep 15 to May 31 out of a black hose and a yellow hose to flex fuel vehicles only from June 1 to Sep 14. Retailers have shunned building infrastructure due to the costly regulatory requirements which have created a practical barrier to the commercialization of the higher blend.

In June 2011 EPA, in cooperation with the Federal Trade Commission, issued its final ruling regarding the E15 warning label required to be displayed in all E15 fuel dispensers in the U. 2012 Toyota Camry Hybrid fuel filler cap showing warning regarding the maximum ethanol blend allowed by the carmaker, up to E10 gasoline. The warning label indicates that ethanol blends between E15 to E85 shall not be used in this vehicle. 2012, only about 12 million out of the more than 240 million light-duty vehicles on the U.

2012 are approved by manufacturers are fully compliant with E15 gasoline. In November 2013, the Environmental Protection Agency opened for public comment its proposal to reduce the amount of ethanol required in the U. Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. Example of public gas station with hE15 next to diesel and regular gasoline. E15, has been introduced at public gas stations in the Netherlands since 2008. According to the Brazilian ANP specification, hydrous ethanol contains up to 4. In hE15, this would be up to 0.

Japanese and German scientific evidence revealed the water is an inhibitor for corrosion by ethanol. The experiments show that water in fuel ethanol inhibits dry corrosion. The observations are in line with the fact that hydrous ethanol is known for being less corrosive than anhydrous ethanol. Overall, a transition from anhydrous to hydrous ethanol for gasoline blending is expected to make a significant contribution to ethanol’s cost-competitiveness, fuel cycle net energy balance, air quality, and greenhouse gas emissions. Europe from regular unleaded petrol for reasons of taxes and customer clarity. Small-scale tests have shown many vehicles with modern engine types can run smoothly on this hydrous ethanol blend. These blends have been widely used in Brazil since the late 1970s.